Category: Climate Actions

New Study Unravels Mediterranean’s Vulnerability to Climate Change

Researchers at the MIT analyzed different global climate models and have unraveled the anomalous effects of climate change in the Mediterranean region.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) graduate student Alexander Tuel and MIT Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering Elfaith Eltahir, found out that all the global climate models they analyzed agree on one outcome. In the coming decades, the Mediterranean will experience a lower by 40 percent precipitation during the rainy and winter season. The finding simply suggests that the region will be significantly arid, likely to become a climate change hotspot in the near future.

What the MIT Researchers Found as Reason Behind the Mediterranean’s Significantly Drier Future

The pair of researchers Tuel and Professor Eltahir, learned from their analysis that the Mediterranean’s future as a hotspot region will be caused by the meeting together of two different climate change effects. One is a dynamic change that occurs in upper atmosphere circulation, while the other is a decreased difference in temperature between land and sea.

On their own, neither effect would sufficiently account for the anomalous reduction of rainfall in the Mediterranean. Yet as predicted by several global climate models, the phenomena will combine due to the Mediterranean’s geographic location. The position of the mountains affects the flow of air in the atmosphere, which as a result will create high pressure areas over the region. Those high pressure areas in turn, will have little precipitation that is likely to create a dry zone.

That first effect will combine with the second effect which is the reduction of the difference in temperatures between land and sea. The impact posed by the reduced temperature difference is that land will warm up at a faster rate than the sea.

The main difference of the Mediterranean’s geography when compared to other regions is that here, a big part of the sea is enclosed by several continents. Inasmuch as local topography is also a factor, the global climate models project that two Mediterranean areas will be hardest hit by the drying occurrence. The northwestern Africa, which includes Morocco, and the eastern Mediterranean region, where Turkey and the Levant are located.

MIT Professor Calls on Planners in the Mediterranean Region to Include the Global Climate Projections

The drying trend in the Mediterranean is actually more than just a projection since the MIT researchers have already detected declines in precipitation in the Middle East and North Africa. The findings were based on their documentation of observed precipitations.

Currently, Professor Eltahir has been helping government agencies in Morocco to translate the MIT findings into information they will use in making concrete plans. The MIT Professor asserts that since the underlying physical processes are now known and understood, planners in the region should seriously take into account the related projections.

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Modernized Fences: Modernized Home

Today, there are various alternatives for structure fences that contrast in style, usefulness, and material. Regardless of whether your fence is an expansion of your current home structure or built with usefulness as the centre, there are some incredible plan alternatives to give it a “cutting edge” look and feel that will make it emerge from your neighbours’.

Here are a few things you should take into consideration when consulting a fencing company.

Horizontal Fences

Give the traditional wood fence a cutting edge bend with level supports that spread the posts. You can leave a wide space between supports for additional permeability and wind current, or position them near one another for full protection. Wide wooden braces give a smooth and current look, and you can recolour them to coordinate the shade of other wood structures in and around your home. You can even stain various braces in various shades to make a custom example. Wood brace wall enables you to pick the sort of wood look you need, from hearty Redwood and Cedar to all the more top of the line alternatives.

Go for Something Luxurious

Building a slatted wood fence with hardwoods – like Mangaris and Brazilian Ipe – will put your fence at the highest point of the notorious neighbourhood pecking request. These exquisite hardwoods require progressively significant speculation, yet they are without a doubt the greatest of all fence materials. Hardwoods keep going for quite a long time. Like Teak wood, Mangaris and Ipe will hold their structure, and turn dark in shading after some time. Development of a hardwood fence requires a sounder basic base, as the wood is a lot heavier than softwoods, similar to Redwood and Cedar. 

Procuring a contractual worker for either roofing company Toronto with Skylight prices
 or a
fencing company guarantee development goes easily is suggested for the top of the line hardwood wall.

Transparent and Opaque

How about transparent and opaque? This rendering for a home in India demonstrates the ideal transaction of hazy and straightforward surfaces. The huge, soot square fence (with a decent trimmed example on one side) has an unmistakable glass top and decreases out flawlessly into a transparent metal door.

 

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UCS Warns of Longer Days of a Heat Wave in the Future if No Further Actions will be Taken

Climate researchers of the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) have collected data showing that the U.S. population is bound to experience more than double the number of extremely hot days there is today, as the climate crisis progresses toward the end of the century.

The peer-reviewed study arrived at a conclusion that by mid-century temperatures of 37.7 degrees Celsius or hotter could last at an average of 36 days in a year. Moving forward toward the end of the century, the number of extremely hot days can be expected to increase to 54 days in a year .

UCS lead climate analyst Erika Spanger-Siegfried said they are basically looking at increments in the kinds of oppressive heat wave currently spreading throughout ⅔ of the eastern U.S. regions. Conditions that spurred the spate of advisories and warnings released in nearly half of the country.

Co-author to the group’s report Kristina Dahl said that

“Even in the next few decades, nearly everywhere, people will experience more days of dangerous heat.”…“Data shows a hotter future that is hard to imagine today.”

The data referred shows what is likely to happen in the future if the current climate policies under the Trump administration continues.

Based on present forecasts by the National Weather Service, the heat index, which refers to the degree of hotness people feel from the combination of air temperatures and moisture, can go as high as 43 degrees Celsius in certain places. Yet there are continuous global reductions of the heat-trapping emissions coming from cars, power plants and other human activities, and such actions can keep summer seasons from becoming as hot.
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According to the UCS researchers, even slow actions to cut emissions could help Washington D.C. avoid 11 days a year of experiencing hotter than 37.7 degrees Celsius by mid-century, as well as help the city avoid experiencing 32 days a year of heat as high as 43 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.

What the UCS Researchers Foresee if No Further Actions will be Taken

The UCS researchers have already noted that global temperatures have already risen at about 1 degree Celsius since industrialization, and is still on track to rise by almost 3.3 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. .

If no further actions will be taken to reduce the heat trapping pollution, certain parts of Texas and Florida will experience temperatures of 37.7 degrees Celsius or hotter for a period of five months within a year. The off-chart periods noted by the researchers are occuring today but only in the Sonoran Desert located within the border of southern Arizona and California.

Without further actions, one third of the U.S. population will experience at least one week of those dessert-like temperatures by the end of the century.

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